Thank you very much Florian.
Don't consider myself a specialist of international affairs so my.
Very brief presentation things should be taken as a presentation of an ordinary citizen,
So we've had in succession two events likely to produce very high levels of descendation and anxiety.
The pandemic and a war.
Because we may sermise that Putin was betting on the west tiredness with the pandemic.
And the west great desire to move out of the crisis and to move on.
Self absorbed in different.
And I think without being what I would call historical approach
They can be an opportunity to confront in a way the limits.
Of our own political categories in thinking.
Of course there is much to say about such a big topic can I be extremely brief and sketchy.
What did you change.
In order to.
That of course there are many issues that the social democratic left can and should rethink.
The first is what I would call the question of the technology.
To doubt the authority of experts.
And we may even say that.
A participated in this in junction in a letter to Arnold Ruge.
Ruthless in the sense that this is neither afraid of the results in the teams.
And I think this has become.
For a long time which doubted,
The basis for much of conspiracy thinking.
Which does not believe in any voting, counting procedures, principles of urology, scientific messages,
Of drugs certification or even in global warming or.
Which can even claim that Putin is the aggressor and that he's on the moral mission to defy Ukraine.
Conspiracy theories defy experts and science since truth has actually become the truth of those it benefits.
And so the notion of hidden interest I think has come to really structure the political thinking at large of the left and of the right.
Has our guilt that conspiracy theories are a property of modernity.
By the fact that for I would say football team thinking.
Post modern thinking has put into question any notion of truth.
And has put into question the moral and epic validity of the search for truth.
Entire generations trained in local unism.
And I think that for Co and his impact on the left.
Has had the effect of making science.
And this is intellectual position in turn could only legitimate the legitimize the facts that in return not believing in science was also a question of belief.
And so what do we have witnessed I think during the these two crisis.
Is a new,
And questions of epistamy authority and this.
Of course is very clear around the issue climate change but it was also very clear during the health crisis.
In the US the Republican and Democratic camps were deeply and very neatly I would have to say.
The election results.
So historically conspiracy theories have existed on the right and on the left and but recently it seems to have become the ideological weapon of the far right and of the populous.
To just discuss questions of epidemology.
To discuss to convince about the effectiveness of vaccines.
Or about the fact that Putin is a real aggressive,
Which is why I think that estemology is one is a question that is going to decide the future of our politics.
I think it'd be emojis now at the heart of our democracy.
And in its future and I think that the left must bring back the question of truth.
And without the possibility of talking discussing knowing what is true at least as a horizon.
You cannot generate trust.
About the kind of values that we need to rediscover and put on the agenda of a social democratic.
The second point is the notion of solidarity inside the EU as you know the French left has been.
But more than the left in fact the top five candidates for the April 2022 elections except for manual Emmanuel Mac home.
And this is not only something that the French candidates represented we know that 65% of the French electorates.
I've actually suffering this tendencies.
On the right for example they contest mostly in the European.
And on the left of most.
So I think for me the war has displayed a very high level.
It has also showed that solidarity cannot go without.
And the international sanctions that have been deployed.
Have been I think I've showed an extraordinary level of coordination between various countries.
Which is more much more I think that simple bureaucratic efficiency it has been.
The effect I think of a true solidarity.
It is perhaps ironic that an institution that was created to ensure peace.
But we must take I think this opportunity to rethink the vocation of the European Union.
Which was accused of being a cold bureaucratic.
To be an institution that has a great deal of energy and vigor and humanity.
To my poet here is to say that this might be an.
Put an emphasis on cross border solidarity,
Which should which is which should be at the center of the European reunion this does not mean I think that this solidarity should go hand in hand,
Whether you're European constitution,
Basic laws it doesn't have to be as binding as a constitution given that many are sovereignist.
And it should also go along with a thinking about.
The globally the effect the economic effect of economic globalization.
Should be again.
We invoke the left,
You can also was against the war.
Excorated my long song for changing his position.
And the main arguments of the socialist left was that.
This war can only divide Russian and the Ukraine working classes that the war plays into the hands of American and European imperialism.
And that the main responsibility for the world lies with nature and and the especially with Washington which did everything to promote Moscow.
That is quite different from this one and then we take my inspiration.
From Leonard Hubhouse who was a British intellectual and sociologist the actually contributed to.
And he was also disappointed he was left when Liberal intellectual who was disappointed with the,
Also tended to be imperialist and to support British imperialism.
Post the billboard and his sister.
He initially opposed the first World War but later he came to support that world war effort.
He was an internationalist.
I mean in general he was an internationalist but during the war he changed his mind.
Responded to manifest of 93 Germany.
In which they claimed that Germany was not responsible for the war. First World War.
This here reply that it was the behavior Germany Belgium that is the German you know declared word on Belgium and proceeded to start the battle of years,
And in France.
Who is very much in favor of neutrality much like many left wing people are arguing today.
And in this letter he stated.
He was against the war there.
In once the war has broken out we cannot i fear maintain public criticism of the policy of the government as weakened as it has been in the past.
I take inspiration for him from him.
Let's in that sense I think the struggle against Putin.
Towards greater equality to fighting fascism itself.
Seems to be for me the order of the day so it'll esthenology.
And the struggle against fascism for me are three fundamental values that we can use in order to renew the agenda of social democracy.